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Chapter 8 of the TRUTH!

The TRUTH About the


and National Emergencies!


This chapter ties in with the chapter on the 14th Amendment. They go hand in hand. As we learned there, the 14th Amendment applies to artificial persons called U.S. citizens (corporate property), created by the federal government, and subject to it's jurisdiction.

The 14th amendment applies to 'persons born or naturalized'. Can property be born? Were slaves (property) born? In the early days of this country, when you were born, your birth was recorded in the family Bible. This showed you were under the jurisdiction of God, your creator. Starting in the 1930's, when you were born, you were issued a birth certificate from the state, and this certificate was recorded in the state records. After your birth certificate is recorded, it is sent to the Department of Commerce. Why there? Because the government is creating an artificial person and is just recording the birth of their property, that they will control and use for generating tax revenue. This is done to create an employee of the United States corporation to help pay off the national debt, since it is not legal to use private property to pay public debts. When you are bankrupt, you can use all the help you can get, or create!

The U.S. Constitution Art. I Section 8 says that one of the powers of the United States government is: To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states (50 states), and with the Indian Tribes;

So, if your birth certificate created some corporate property (artificial person) of the federal government, 'resident' in one of the 50 states, 'regulated' in commerce, does the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) apply to you?

U.S. Constitution Art. IV Section 3. The Congress shall have the power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States;

Are there federal rules and regulations that you are subject to? Are you then property of the U.S. government? Rules and regulations apply to U.S. territory and property. These birth certificates (property) were created so they could be put up for collateral for the bankruptcy of the United States government in 1933, in order for you to help pay off the debt through revenue collection. More on this in just a minute.

What about the sovereign 50 states? Do they belong to the United States government? Are they subject to the "Rules and Regulations" of the federal government (i.e. EPA, FAA, DEA, BATF, etc)? Are they sovereign states? Or are they also artificial persons (property) under the jurisdiction of the federal government? When states are created by Constitutions, they are delegated a portion of the people's sovereign powers. But, when states incorporate, they become artificial persons. The federal government has the power to regulate subjects (artificial persons) engaged in commerce. So the federal government WOULD have jurisdiction over the 50 states, because they all have incorporated into the federal government and are now artificial persons engaged in commerce. The states could solve this problem by un-incorporating and reclaiming their sovereign status. But then they would also have to give up federal handouts. What's the chance of that happening?

A United States citizen is a subject (property) of the federal government. His name is spelled in all caps. These citizens have only civil rights, (privileges and immunities) secured by the good faith and credit of the United States government. Neither state nor federal constitutions protect them.

An American Citizen is really not a citizen but is an individual sovereign. His name is spelled in upper and lower case letters. Some older documents may actually have it right, with upper and lower case. Most government computers are now programmed to only accept all caps. Also, if you use a middle initial, instead of spelling out your middle name, that also creates a fictional person. Your whole name must be spelled out to be a sovereign. It is basic English grammar.

A United States citizen has the status of an 'artificial person'. His name is spelled in all capital letters. When you contract to be a U.S. citizen (property of the U.S. government), via social security, you are basically co-signing for the debts of the federal government. You are pledging all your income and assets to helping discharge the bankruptcy!

Rely on your inalienable rights secured by the Constitution to protect you, not on your U.S. citizenship. If you want to get REAL technical, you cannot be a sovereign and a citizen at the same time. You waive your sovereignty when you become a citizen, because a citizen always swears his allegiance to a government. You cannot be a king or queen, and a subject, at the same time. You are really only one or the other. Sovereigns have inalienable rights. Subjects have privileges. BUT, you can contract to be a corporate identity. Then you would have two legal identities! Sovereign and corporate. And you waive your inalienable rights to be the corporate entity.

Here's an interesting point for you to ponder! In the Attorney General's report to President Eisenhower 'Jurisdiction Over Federal Areas Within the States' , there is an interesting statement in Part II - Chapter VI - Civil Jurisdiction. (pg 145) It says:

"The exclusive power of legislation necessarily includes the exclusive jurisdiction. The subject is so fully discussed by Mr. Justice Field, delivering the opinion of the court in Fort Leavenworth R.R. Co. v. Lowe, 114 U.S. 525, that we need do no more than refer to that case and the cases cited in the opinion."
After discussing this in depth for a while, the Attorney General then states (pg 155) "A careful study of the authorities has failed to disclose recognition prior to 1885 of any civil law existing in areas under the exclusive legislative jurisdiction of the United States.

What happened in 1885?

(pg 156) International Law Rule: Adopted for areas under Federal Legislative Jurisdiction. In 1885 the United States Supreme Court had occasion to consider the case of Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. v. McGlinn, 114 U.S. 542. The court ruled: It is a rule of public law, recognized and acted upon by the United States, that whenever political jurisdiction and legislative power over any territory are transferred from one nation or sovereign to another, the municipal laws of the country, that is, laws which are intended for the protection of private rights, continue in force until abrogated or changed by the new sovereign. . . . Thus, upon a cession of political jurisdiction and legislative power - the latter is involved in the former - to the United States, the laws of the country in support of an established religion, or abridging the freedom of the press, or authorizing cruel or unusual punishments, and the like, would at once cease to be of obligatory force without any declaration to that effect; and the laws of the country on other subjects would necessarily be superseded by existing laws of the new government upon the same matter.
The Attorney General continued: "The rule thus defined by the court had been applied previously to foreign territories acquired by the United States, but not until the McGlinn case was it extended to areas within the States over which the Federal Government acquired exclusive legislative jurisdiction."

When a state accepts federal subsidies (free lunches), it also accepts exclusive federal legislation and regulation connected with those subsidies. Does the state at that time waive its sovereign status? It appears so. The state is now federal territory, and the transfer of legislative power from the state to the federal government creates the effect that the laws no longer have an obligatory force, without notice! And any laws of the state are superseded by federal laws. That is why all state laws are almost carbon copies of the federal laws. They ARE federal laws!

Back to the Attorney General in his chapter on Civil jurisdiction.

State and Federal Venue Discussed: The civil laws effective in an area of exclusive Federal jurisdiction are Federal Laws, notwithstanding their derivation from State laws, and a cause arising under such laws may be brought in or removed to a Federal district court under sections 24 or 28 of the former Judicial Code (now section 1331 and 1441 of title 28, United States Code), giving jurisdiction to such courts of civil actions arising under the "* * * laws * * * of the United States" where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $3000, . . . (Several case cites omitted) In each of these it was decided that the laws of the State (Missouri) existing at the time of Federal acquisition of legislative jurisdiction over an area became "laws of the United States" within that area.

So it appears that when the Federal government acquires legislative jurisdiction over a state, (or a person) that state waives its sovereignty, and the laws of the state technically become federal laws. The District of Columbia was incorporated in 1871, and the federal usurpation started in earnest in 1885. So, in the definition of the United States, are the 50 states NOW federal territories under its exclusive jurisdiction? Are you a U.S. citizen living in one of those 50 federal territories? Were you born in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof? Did you waive your sovereignty?

Remember from the last chapter, when Congress passes laws for the territories of the United States, they are not limited by the Constitution. When they pass laws for the 50 states they must follow the limitations of the Constitution, because the 50 states delegated the power to Congress. The 50 states are superior to the federal government. So how does the federal government get the power to make laws for the 50 states?

DeLima v. Bidwell 182 U.S. 179 (1900) If the law or treaty making power enacts that the territory over which the military arm of the government has extended shall come under the permanent absolute sovereign jurisdiction of the United States, a new and different status arises. The former sovereign then loses all right of reverter, and the territorial limits of the United States are in so far enlarged.

Did the United States government (confined to 10 miles square by the constitution) through military usurpation, extend the military arm of the government to include the 50 sovereign states? Yes they did. By this simple act, the 50 sovereign states came under the "permanent absolute sovereign jurisdiction of the United States" corporate government, ruled by the Commander In Chief, under martial law. We in reality have a dictatorship, but if the people knew that there would be revolt, so it is kept under wraps and is not taught in the public fool system.


To understand where we are today, we must go back and learn all the history lessons that we were never taught in the government schools. You see, the government doesn't want you to know this information, so they just don't teach it to you in the first place! Why do you think they are so against home schooling, where you can teach your own beliefs, and the truth?

So, let's do this in chronological order, so we can see exactly what happened. Today's mess started over 200 years ago. We started out right, with 2 great documents:

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE (1776). If you have not read this document, click on this link and read it slowly. You will find that the conditions that precipitated this document are almost exactly the conditions we live under today!

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (1787). The people who wrote this document were very familiar with government oppression and put many safeguards into it to protect your inalienable rights. This is the document that we need to keep, and uphold. It is being flagrantly violated today at all levels of government. You will find out why in just a second!

Now, if we know anything about governments, it is the fact that they do not like their powers limited or restricted. Just like us! They want maximum freedom to do whatever they jolly well please, just like us! You would almost think that humans created the government! Do you think that the people running the government for you, wanted freedom, AND, power over the people at the same time? Sure, isn't that what we all want? Total freedom, but also the power to make other people do what WE want! Get a bunch of us together and you have a government! But what about those who do not agree with that principle? Won't they cause problems? Won't they need to be controlled? You bet!

THE WHISKEY TAX AND REBELLION (1792-1794) In 1792 the federal government imposed a whiskey excise tax of 25%. This particularly hurt the farmers on the western frontier, since they grew grain and converted it to whiskey, because grain was too expensive to ship. Whiskey was used as a form of cash that was easily transportable. To collect the tax, the forerunner of the IRS was created. The country was divided into 14 districts, with 14 district directors. When the farmers in western Pennsylvania refused to pay the tax, a judge on the Supreme Court certified the existence of a state of insurrection, and President Washington called out the militia for a show of force. Fortunately, no military confrontation ensued. This was the first time that a President had assumed his position as Commander in Chief. This was the first exercise of "emergency powers".

THE ALIEN ACT of 1798. With this Act, Congress delegated to the President virtually unlimited power to "direct the conduct" of nationals of hostile countries whenever the United States should be engaged in a declared war or it's territory threatened with invasion. This Act, though somewhat amended is still on the books today. The Alien Act obligated the President to make a declaration of a state of war or of threatened invasion, which entitled him to use these new powers.

Now you know why we have the "War on Drugs", the "War on Poverty", the "War on Crime", the "War on Terrorism", etc. It is so the president can exercise his emergency powers over us hostile nationals.

THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865. In 1861, due to this war, seven Southern states walked out of Congress on March 27. This left Congress without a quorum to conduct the nation's business, so the only lawful power left was the President. President Lincoln declared a state of war and exercised his powers as Commander in Chief, to institute martial law under a state of emergency. Congress was NEVER legally reconvened under the Constitution. Lincoln ordered Congress to reconvene under his military authority as Commander in Chief (not as President), therefore Congress still sits today under military authority, by order of the President. This was accomplished through the Lieber Laws of 1863.

Lincoln also funded the war entirely by issuing war bonds, T-Bills, etc, which essentially put the United States government into bankruptcy in 1863. One of the funding schemes used was the so called 1040 Bonds. These bonds were to run not less than 10 years nor more than 40 years at 7.13% interest. To collect the interest on these 1040 Bonds, a form 1040 was used by the government. By 1864, the value of these bonds had dropped to 39 cents on the dollar.

In 1861, to collect the interest on those 1040 bonds, Congress created the Bureau of Internal Revenue. Do you think that was just a coincidence? Do you think that maybe the interest was never paid and we are still using the form today to collect?

To handle this bankruptcy, the Comptroller of the Treasury was created in 1863. What does a Comptroller do? He is charged with certain duties in relation to the fiscal affairs of the government, primarily to examine and audit the accounts of collectors of the public money, to keep records and report the financial situation from time to time. But the term we are concerned with is "Comptroller in Bankruptcy".

Comptroller in Bankruptcy. An officer . . . whose duty it is to receive from the trustee
in each bankruptcy his accounts and periodical statements showing the proceedings in the bankruptcy, and also to call the trustee to account for any misfeasance, neglect, or omission in the discharge of his duties.

So if the government is bankrupt, who is the trustee? This is answered for us by Congressional Record March 17, 1993. P.H1303. The following is from that record:

Mr. TRAFFICANT asked and was given permission to revise and expand his remarks.
Mr. TRAFFICANT. Mr. Speaker, we are here now in chapter 11. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any bankrupt entity in world history, the U.S. government.

The United States government is in bankruptcy and Congress are the trustees. It is a legal maxim that a bankrupt is 'civilly dead'. That means that Congress cannot legally make positive law in bankruptcy, because they have no legal standing. The federal government has been in Chapter 11 bankruptcy from 1863 to today, and sits at the pleasure of the Commander in Chief, waiting to do his bidding.

14th Amendment 1868. The 14th Amendment was passed while under military rule, and therefore did not need to be properly ratified by the states, because the states were now under the federal government, under martial law, and the states changed their constitutions to reflect that change in order to be readmitted to the union. By the way, that is also why the 16th Amendment for income tax did not need to be properly ratified, since it too was passed by a Congress exercising their military powers. The 14th Amendment applied to 'citizens'. "Every person born or naturalized in the United States and subject to it's jurisdiction is a citizen."

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA created 1871. Congress was reconvened under military order in 1861. This status did not change, and in 1871, ten years later, a new federal government was created by incorporation of the District of Columbia. This new corporation was called "United States". The old Congress ceased to exist in 1861 and the new Congress was reconvened under military rule, which created Washington D.C. in 1871. Even today Congress does not sit by Constitutional positive law, but by mere resolution, which is merely advisory, not compulsory. Resolutions only apply to those who make them, like New Year's Resolutions. That is why the House and Senate are continually making resolutions. They merely indicate what public policy may be, but they carry no force of law with them, except on themselves and their property. This is the key to military government. Unless government is permanently established by those who have law, there is no state of peace. Therefore we are still under military law.

TRADING WITH THE ENEMY ACT October 6, 1917. This was passed during World War I. Woodrow Wilson submits to Congress and passes this Act. The purpose of this Act was to "define, regulate, and punish trading with the enemy, and for other purposes." With this Act Congress defined WHO the enemy was. It also gave the government total authority over the individuals defined as the "enemy". In the definition of enemy there was an exception in Section 2, Subdivision (c). It was: "other than citizens of the United States."
In Section 5(b) of this same Act it states:
"That the President may investigate, regulate, or prohibit, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, by means of licenses or otherwise, any transactions in foreign exchange, export or earmarkings of gold or silver coin or bullion or currency, transfers of credit in any form (other that credits relating solely to transactions to be executed wholly within the United States)."

President Roosevelt called for a special and extraordinary session of Congress in Proclamation 2038. At that session he presented a bill, an Act, to provide for relief in the existing national 'emergency' in banking and for other purposes.

In this Act of March 9, 1933, it states in Title 1 Section 1:
"The actions, regulations, rules, licenses, orders and proclamations heretofore or hereafter taken, promulgated, made, or issued by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Treasury since March the 4th, 1933, pursuant to the authority conferred by subdivision (b) of Section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917, as amended, are hereby approved and confirmed."

This says that any actions, orders or proclamations, made by the President hereafter taken, are hereby approved and confirmed. Congress just wrote a blank check to the President. ANYTHING he wants to do is approved, IN ADVANCE! Do you think we are living under a dictatorship! Is that how the President is acting today, as if everything he does is already approved? It seems so.

If you went to a law library today and looked up 12 USC (United States Code) Section 95(b), you will find this Act still on the books today!

But, if you will remember, the Act of 1917 applied to enemies "other than citizens of the United States." So in 1917 the war powers did not extend to citizens of the United States, and the government did not have authority over us and the Constitution was still valid and upheld. But Roosevelt made an amendment to the 1917 Act, in 1933. In Section 2 of the Act of March 9, 1933 it states:

"Subdivision (b) of Section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917 (40 Stat. L. 411), as amended, is hereby amended as follows;
During time of war or during any other time of national emergency declared by the President, the President may, through any agency that he may designate, or otherwise, investigate, regulate, or prohibit, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, by means of licenses or otherwise, any transactions in foreign exchange, transfers of credit between or payments by banking institutions as defined by the President and export, hording, melting, or earmarkings of gold or silver coin or bullion or currency, by any person within the United States or anyplace subject to the jurisdiction thereof."

By simply including in this amendment "any person within the United States or anyplace subject to the jurisdiction thereof", citizens of the United States were now included in the definition of 'enemies of the United States'! As far as any commercial, monetary or business transactions were concerned, United States citizens were no longer any different from any other enemy of the United States.

To summarize:

In 1917, due to World War I, Congress passed the Trading With the Enemy Act, and defined the enemy as "other than citizens of the United States". This Act allowed the government to take control of any and all commercial, monetary or business transactions conducted by enemies within our continental borders. Section 5(b) of this Act gave the President unlimited powers to control the commercial transactions of the defined enemies.

During the Korean War, there was much publicity over the fact that Congress never declared war and charges were flung back and forth that the war was illegal. The same thing took place in the Viet Nam war and elsewhere. Today the President is still engaging our forces in foreign countries without the consent of Congress. These acts of the President are 100% legal, because as Commander-in-Chief he still has his emergency powers and he does not need the approval of Congress to engage in war. Congress only makes 'public policy' as trustees of the bankruptcy.

In the amendment in 1933, the Act was expanded to include "any person within the United States or anyplace subject to the jurisdiction thereof." Remember a "person" is a corporation! The people of the United States then became subject to the powers of the Trading With the Enemy Act of 1917. Note that the war power acts were also expanded to include 'national emergencies', as defined by the President. And didn't Roosevelt just proclaim a national banking emergency? Where does that place us? Since this Act is still on the books today, then it is still binding until the national emergency is resolved.

What was the national emergency in 1933? It was a banking crisis. The stock market had crashed in 1929 and a depression was in full swing. All the banks were closed for a 'bank holiday'. The REAL crisis was that until this Act was passed in 1933, your bank deposits were backed by gold in the vaults. The problem was that the gold was no longer there, and people were lining up at the banks and demanding to cash in their gold certificates for the gold they supposedly had on deposit. The banks didn't have the gold to return. A real crisis. What did they do with the gold? Gold was legally limited to $35 an ounce in the United States. But in Europe the value of gold floated and was worth $60 an ounce. The banks sold their gold to the European bankers and made a tidy profit at their customer's expense.


President Roosevelt took office on March 4, 1933. During his term of office he implemented 100's of new national programs under the guise of a national emergency. Most of those programs are still on the books today, because we still have an emergency in those areas. The areas include, agriculture, banking, welfare, farming, etc. These emergency powers have been extended every year by the President, for some reason or other, and are still in full force today.

But you ask, "Are we STILL under a national emergency, and under martial law?" Yes, and have been since 1863, which was greatly expanded in 1933. In fact a special committee was formed to study the termination of the national emergency. This was done with:

Senate Report 93-549, July 24, 1973, which said: "Since March 9, 1933, the United States has been in a state of declared national emergency." "These proclamations give force to 470 provisions of federal law. These hundreds of statutes delegate to the President extraordinary powers exercised by Congress, which affect the lives of American citizens in a host of all-encompassing manners. This vast range of powers taken together, confer enough authority to rule this country without reference to normal constitutional process."

This report WAS acted upon and the 94th Congress passed:

Public Law 94-112 - September 14, 1976 "To terminate certain authorities with respect to national emergencies still in effect, and to provide for orderly implementation and termination of future national emergencies."
There was one exception to this act though, in Section 502(a):
"The provisions of this Act shall not apply to the following provisions of law, the powers and authorities conferred thereby, and actions taken thereunder: (1) Section 5(b) of the Act of October 6, 1917, as amended (12 U.S.C. 95a; 50 U.S.C. App. 5(b);"

So, what really happened? Did the national emergency of 1917, amended in 1933, come to an end? NO! We are still governed by 12 U.S.C. 95a & 95b, which originated with the Act of March 9, 1933. We are still living under emergency rule and martial law!

Can the state of emergency and martial law powers be terminated? Yes they can, but there is a problem. The Commander-in-Chief can terminate the martial powers at any time, BUT it would not make any difference, because what lawful government would take over? First a lawfully constituted authority would have to be put into power to replace the military power we are under now. So even if the martial rule was terminated we would still be exactly where we are now. Nothing would be accomplished. We would have to go back to the limitations of the Constitution, and the present government would never go along with that!

Fortunately, reclaiming your inalienable rights does not require any changes in the system! We can work with the present laws and still be free! But before we get to that . . .

Of all the Acts implemented by Roosevelt, the most important, to us, was:

June 5, 1933 - House Joint Resolution 192 (HJR-192)
". . . Resolved by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled: That (a) every provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation which purports to give the obligee the right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy, and no such provision shall be contained in or made with respect to an obligation hereafter incurred. Every obligation heretofore or hereafter incurred, whether or not any such provision is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be discharged upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any such coin or currency, which at the time of payment is legal tender for public or private debts . . ."

Who is making this resolution? Remember, resolutions only apply to those who make them! This resolution basically said that debt can no longer be paid because the only way lawful payment can be made is with gold, or silver coin, or currency. And the government just confiscated all the gold in 1933, followed by silver in 1934. The only way you can now pay a debt is with Federal Reserve Notes (FRN's), which are just promissory notes backed by the government. And who is the government? YOU! So you do not "pay" the debt, you just "discharge" it to someone else, by giving him Federal Reserve promissory notes (FRN's). Any obligation incurred by the makers of the resolution, would not be paid, but would be discharged. A resolution is really just an opinion of how you would like things to be.

What just happened is that the government said that they were not going to redeem your Federal Reserve Notes. They were not backed by anything of value. This is simply the creation of a permanent loan to the government, from the people, and the loan could never be paid back.

And just WHAT are FRN's? Where do they come from? They are private commercial debt instruments issued by the Federal Reserve, which is a private corporation. So basically, EVERYTHING you do, that involves money, puts you into a private commercial transaction. Under International law, all commercial transactions are regulatable by the government when under martial rule. This commerce is regulated by way of licenses. Can you start a business without a business license? Not according to the government!

FRN's are created by debt. When you take out a loan from anywhere, the money for that loan is created out of thin air. It is new money. That is a very simple explanation, but that is really what happens! But, what backs this new money? A promissory note is not of much value unless there is some collateral backing it.

FRN's are backed by the full faith and credit of United States of America. Who is the United States of America? The federal government? No! It is you and me, because we created the federal government with the Constitution. And where does the credit come from? US! U.S. citizens are the collateral for the Federal Reserve Notes in circulation. When the government declared bankruptcy, all commercial activity, and the U.S. citizens themselves were pledged as collateral to pay off the debt.

So any time you use FRN's, you are dealing with the property of a corporation, a legal fiction in law. And a fiction can only deal with another artificial person. In fact, martial law governments are fictions created to manage civil affairs. Are you an artificial person? Remember what we learned about the spelling of your name? Is everything you do in business done in your name spelled with all caps? Yes it is! You are already an artificial person!

As stated above, all commercial activity was pledged as collateral for the debt. So the government had to find a way to make sure that EVERYTHING you did was in commerce, so it could tax and regulate EVERYTHING you did. Can you think of anything that the government does NOT regulate? There had to be a way to convert your inalienable rights to privileges. There WAS! What the government did was to register every person born, as property of the government, and make an artificial person out of them. This was done with the birth certificate. When you are born, you birth is recorded in the county you were born in. After that it is sent to the Department of Commerce and a new person is created! A U.S. citizen! But, with your name spelled in all caps, to designate you as an corporate person engaged in commerce.

What your birth 'certificate' really is, is just a 'Certificate of Title' to the U.S. citizen, just like you get for your car. Legally, you don't own the fictional U.S. citizen, and legally you don't own your car. The government holds the title to both of them, and issues you a Certificate of Title for your car and a Birth Certificate for the U.S. citizen. They are claiming this property as theirs by presumption. And it is, until you rebut this presumption. In the past you have gone along with this presumption because you didn't know the truth. You are the true owner of this property, your birth certificate. The government is just a holder of this property.

Federal Reserve Notes, prior to March 9, 1933 were backed by gold. After March 9, 1933, they became Federal Reserve 'bank' notes, and were emergency war script. The Federal Reserve bank notes were now backed by the assets of the banks. The assets of the banks are the mortgages held by the people on their property. But the people needed to be mortgaged also. This was done with the birth certificate, as stated above. So when you get a mortgage, it is paid with federal reserve notes, which are backed by your credit! You are loaning money to yourself!

The 'mortgages on property' part was partially accomplished with:

Senate Document No. 43, 73rd Congress, 1st Session, which states: "The ownership of all property is in the state; individual so-called 'ownership' is only by virtue of the government, i.e., law, amounting to mere user; and use must be in accordance with law and subordinate to the necessities of the state."

Congressional Record, March 9, 1933 on HR 1491 p. 83. "Under the new law the money is issued to the banks in return for government obligations, bills of exchange, drafts, notes, trade acceptances, and bankers acceptances. The money will be worth 100 cents on the dollar, because it is backed by the credit of the nation. It will represent a mortgage on all the homes, and other property of all the people of the nation."

When your birth certificate was recorded with the Department of Commerce, a U.S. citizen, corporate entity was created, so he could be taxed and regulated in commerce. This was the property of the federal government by usurpation. Therefore all the property of the U.S. citizen was now the property of the government! You are just the mere user of the property, by virtue of the government. The U.S. citizen was created to generate revenue. Your government is usurping your property, so it can generate revenue to pay its bankruptcy debts!

That is why you don't get a 'title' for your vehicle. You get a 'certificate' of title. That just certifies that there is a title held in the government's name, and you have permission to use this government property via the certificate of title. You must also pay a registration fee and get license plates for their property. Don't pay it and they will deny you the use of this property. When you record your real estate in the county, you are recording your turn to use the property in the corporation records. If you don't pay your usage (rental) fees (property taxes) they will take their property back via a tax sale, and sell the privilege to someone else. The value of the property is irrelevant. They are just concerned with the rent (tax) due. Your property has been usurped by the government. The same with zoning laws. If you want to build a garage on your property, you can do so only after you get permission via a building permit (another tax). If you don't get permission, they will make you tear it down.

This usurpation of your property could only be accomplished by the creation of the U.S. citizen, via your birth certificate. And now, all property is recorded in the name of the U.S. citizen, in all caps! Your sovereignty was usurped and converted to a commercial privilege. You became the co-signer for every commercial transaction the federal government became involved in, all to generate revenue. The big question is: How do you get your sovereignty back? You must reclaim your inalienable rights. More on this later.

First, an important point needs to be made clear here. In law, a fictitious entity can only deal with another fictitious entity, because only parties of equal standing can communicate in law. "A sovereign (the lawgiver) is exempt from suit, not because of any formal conception or obsolete theory, but on the logical and practical ground that there can be no legal right as against the authority that makes the law on which the right depends." "A suit presupposes that the defendants are subject to the law invoked. Of course it cannot be maintained unless they are so." Kawananakoa v. Polyblank (1907) 205 U.S. 349.

This is known as the doctrine of Sovereign Immunity. The government uses this all the time to protect itself against lawsuits. They create the statutes, and they only agree to be bound by certain statutes. As a U.S. citizen, you do not have that right because you are property of the federal government. As a American citizen, you are the creator of the government, so you are immune from suit, unless you agree to waive this right and enter into a suit. Every time you file an legal action in a court, you agree to be bound by the rules of the court and the statutes of the jurisdiction you are acquiescing to. You waive any inalienable rights you may have and agree to be bound by the statutes.



With the above evidence, it appears that the 50 states are no longer sovereign states, but are mere subdivisions of the United States government. If this is true, HOW did it happen? The answer is found in the general principles of the law of nations. This law says that every government which is sovereign within its sphere of action possesses, as an inherent attribute, the power to acquire property, by discovery, by agreement or treaty, and by conquest. Were U.S.citizens declared enemies of the federal government? Were the states taken over by conquest, or by agreement, as demonstrated by the military flag in all our courtrooms, (see courts chapter) showing the jurisdiction of the federal corporate military government? This is clarified by Halleck in his treatise on International Law, pages 76, 814:

Chap. 2, 23. The sovereignty of a state may be lost in various ways. It may be vanquished by a foreign power, and become incorporated into the conquering state as a province or as one of its component parts; or it may voluntarily unite itself with another is such a way that its independent existence as a state will entirely cease.

Chap 33,3. If the hostile nation be subdued and the entire state conquered, a question arises as to the manner in which the conqueror may treat it without transgressing the just bounds established by the rights of conquest. If he simply replaces the former sovereign, and on the submission of the people, governs them according to the laws of the state, they have no cause of complaint. Again, if he incorporates them with his former states, giving to them the rights, privileges, and immunities of his own subjects, he does for them all that is due from a humane and equitable conqueror to his vanquished foes.

Does this sound like the 14th Amendment? Absolutely! Did the states incorporate? Yes. Each state government is now a corporation called the STATE OF i.e. COLORADO. What did they incorporate into? Into the United States as component parts of the United States government, subject to its jurisdiction. Did they do this voluntarily? Again yes. The states, by accepting federal subsidies and jurisdiction, voluntarily united themselves with the federal government, and this new status, confirmed by the presumption of jurisdiction over the lapse of time, caused the independent existence of the sovereign states to cease to exist. Simply put, the 50 sovereign states no longer exist in fact, only in history books. All 50 states are now just subdivisions of the federal government.

Continuing with Halleck on International Law, page 839:

Complete conquest, by whatever mode it may be perfected, carries with it all the rights of the former government; or in other words, the conqueror, by the completion of his conquest, becomes the absolute owner of the property conquered from the enemy nation or state. His rights are no longer limited to mere occupation of what he has taken into his actual possession, but they extend to all the property and rights of the conquered state, including even debts as well as personal and real property.

When the federal government declared Americans to be enemies of the federal government the conquest was started and completed without a shot being fired. At that point all your property, real or personal, became the property of the federal government. Remember the two quotes from above? Let's look at them again:

Senate Document No. 43, 73rd Congress, 1st Session, which states: "The ownership of all property is in the state; individual so-called 'ownership' is only by virtue of the government, i.e., law, amounting to mere user; and use must be in accordance with law and subordinate to the necessities of the state."

Congressional Record, March 9, 1933 on HR 1491 p. 83. "Under the new law the money is issued to the banks in return for government obligations, bills of exchange, drafts, notes, trade acceptances, and bankers acceptances. The money will be worth 100 cents on the dollar, because it is backed by the credit of the nation. It will represent a mortgage on all the homes, and other property of all the people of the nation."


The United States government is a corporation. This corporation has declared bankruptcy. This corporation had limited assets, so it created some assets (fictional persons) U.S. citizens, for collateral for the bankruptcy. The states also incorporated into the United States and pledged their property as collateral also.

The assets of every sovereign American, now U.S. citizens, are pledged as collateral to cover the growing federal government deficit. You own nothing. You just rent it from the government. If you pay a property tax or use tax on anything, then you do not own it, because if you do not pay the tax, they will take it away from you. You no longer have the inalienable right of property.

The United States government is in bankruptcy. The date it started is not really important. The fact of bankruptcy alone is what has created this mess.

As part of the bankruptcy, fictional persons were created, called United States citizens, to help collect revenue to pay the debt. These citizens are corporate employees/subjects of the federal government and have their names spelled in all caps.

This U.S. citizen is created property of the federal government. Therefore, all the property of these U.S. citizens, is really just the property of the federal government.You unknowingly contracted to become this U.S. citizen. You co-signed for all the federal debt.

All the statutes, rules, regulations, taxes, licenses, etc, of the state and federal governments apply only to fictional 'persons', residents, such as U.S. citizens. The governments have no powers over a sovereign individual that the sovereign did not delegate to that government via the constitutions, state and federal.

A sovereign's property is exempt from taxation, except with a direct tax with apportionment, as mandated by the Constitution!

Are you a sovereign American, OR a U.S. citizen?


If you use any of the information in this chapter, the IRS and the courts will call it a frivolous argument and without merit. They WILL rule against you! Use this information at your own risk!


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